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Friday, 23 February 2018

ACHAT DE COMBLES EN COPROPRIETE



Dans une copropriété, il peut être tentant d'annexer et d'utiliser les combles situés au dessus de la chambre de service dont on est déjà propriétaire.

Toutefois pour intervenir sur les combles, partie commune de la copropriété, et quelle que soit leur superficie ou leur volume, il est nécessaire de les avoir acheter !

Le candidat à l’achat doit soumettre à l’Assemblée Générale un projet préparé conjointement par un géomètre expert, un architecte et validé par un bureau d’études en structures.  Le géomètre expert doit préparer un projet de modificatif de la division de la copropriété.

Pour proposer à l'AG le meilleur prix de rachat à la copropriété, on peut tenir compte de la plus value qui en résultera pour le copropriétaire acheteur.

L’AG se prononce sur la vente à la majorité prévue à l’article 26 de la loi du 10 juillet 1965 : majorité des membres du syndicat des copropriétaires représentant au moins les deux tiers des voix.
La copropriété peut assortir son accord de l’obligation, pour le copropriétaire acheteur, de contracter une assurance dommage ouvrage.
  
Les travaux tels que ouverture d’une trémie dans le plancher des combles afin de  faire communiquer 2 lots appartenant au même copropriétaire sont  également soumis à autorisation donnée par l’AG à la majorité de l’article 25 de la loi du 10 juillet 1965.

Une fois la vente des parties communes autorisée par l’AG (majorité de l’article 26) l’acheteur devra encore patienter deux mois (délai de recours possible contre les décisions de l’AG) avant de passer devant le notaire pour formaliser son achat et entreprendre les travaux.  
Attention ! aucune stipulation d’ordre général ne peut déroger par anticipation à l’exigence d’une autorisation spécifique de l’Assemblée Générale préalables aux travaux affectant les parties communes de la copropriété (en ce sens cass.civ. 3e 2 février 1999) ;  autrement dit une résolution sur la possibilité pour les copropriétaires d'acheter des combles serait dénuée de toute portée juridique. 

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Thursday, 22 February 2018

CORBYN DENIES NO ALLEGATIONS !


The British Press have revealed that Corbyn, the Leader of the British Socialist Party, had several meetings with an Iron Curtain Spy in the 1980s.  

This has provoked numerous questions, but Corbyn has deftly sidestepped all opportunities to reveal the details of the conversations he had with Jan Sarkocy from Czechoslovakia.

Corbyn did however confirm that he was not a "Spy" for Iron Curtain countries !    Alas, a better question could have been "Was he an Informer" ? 

As the Leader of the Socialist Party Corbyn has helped it to recover ; with the turmoil of BREXIT who will win the next UK Parliamentary Election ?   Perhaps not Corbyn.  He faces a crisis which could destroy all his hopes of leading his Party in the next Election. 

Can he convince his newly won Electors, who are generally staunchly BRITISH and PATRIOTIC ?   They may not want to trust a suspected "Informer of Communists"

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Tuesday, 20 February 2018

BRITISH VOTERS EXPECT CORBYN TO EXPLAIN !


Jeremy Corbyn MP, the current Leader of the Bitish Socialist Party, is being pilloried daily by the Press, MPs and Electors, to explain or deny allegations that 30 years ago he was in contact with a Czeck spy, Jan Sarkocy !

Every day there are more comments, more speculation, but the man who could be elected to become the next Prime Minister of Britain, refuses to make an official comment, to quell any of the speculation.  

The normal option is to explain or to deny.  If comments are slanderous or libelous Corbyn could decide to sue for defamation !

At present everyone, particularly Socialists voters, are judging Corbyn : is he the right man to lead the Socialist Party and Britain ? 

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Thursday, 15 February 2018

FRANCE : REFORM OF EDUCATION SYSTEM


The French Minister of Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, aged 53 with a legal background, has announced a profound reform of the Education System.  His mission is part of the Reforms President Macron wants to introduce in France !
 
As noted in a previous article in this Blog, the 32 previous Ministers of Education since 1982, all made "improvements" which led to 87% of schooleavers in France being qualified to enter University !

Alas, too many students failed their exams after their first or second year at University !   Should the students be blamed for their failures or the
Education System ? 

Macron and Blanquer have launched a complete analysis of all aspects of the Education System, and this will take time.  Whatever changes are ultimately proposed, they will provoke opposition from Trade Unions and Political Parties !

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Wednesday, 14 February 2018

HARASSMENT "PERSECUTIONS" ?


Judges normally have enough experience to determine from the facts if a defendent is guilty or not of Sexual Harassment.   

However, sometimes in civil actions or criminal prosecutions, the offence seems to have taken place a long time ago, when either or both parties were perhaps very young, but after which no "official complaint" was made at the time !

When old forgotten "offences" are suddenly  evoked and accusations are made, the question then should be "why ?".   Has a former offender recommenced, or is it out of spite, because he or she is now a well known "Personality" ?

If it is "out of spite", Judges have the experience to acquit a defendent.   BUT, the "fame" of the well known personality could be stigmatized for ever ! 

How can such malicious and spiteful accusations be prevented ?

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Sunday, 11 February 2018

SNOW, ICE + FLOODS HALT FRANCE !


Politicians everywhere are again conveniently putting the blame for the misery and financial losses caused by floods, suffered by millions of householders and tenants, on "identified climate changes" !

Is this explanation acceptable and really the whole truth ?   The current floods for numerous towns and villages are not alas, just the first for a long time but a painfull repetition !

Sometimes permits have also been granted to build houses on land which was known to have been flooded in the past !   How can local mayors and officials justify issuing such permits ?   They should be publically "named and shamed" !

When waterways and streams overflow quick remedial action is expected by inhabitants to prevent a repetition of such floods.   In some cases the work required may be in other Local Council areas :  it could even become a National obligation, requiring huge investments !

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